Sculpture 07: José Rizal Depictions
Filipino reformist Jose Rizal not only inspired the early Katipunan members (though he is anti-revolutionist during his time), most especially its founder Andres Bonifacio, but also artists. Following an American regime-inspired veneration of Rizal are busts and monuments sculpted in his honour.
Here is my image collection of various sculptures of Rizal, taken at different locations. I expect this gallery to hold more images in the future.
Perhaps the most famous of the Rizal three-dimensional depictions is the monument at Luneta, Manila. This Swiss sculptor Richard Kissling’s work is, of course, a foreigner’s take on an idolised hero. This reminds me of one topic in my college history class: pangkayong pananaw is an outsider’s view of our local history, telling us that “this is what you are”. Employing pantayong pananaw, on the other hand, gives power to us Filipinos to relate our version or view of history to ourselves, thus building a stronger fabric of our identity. I am applying this theoretical perspective on sculptures. Anyway, this post is not about such grand historiographical scheme so I won’t delve into it.
The following are busts made by early 20th century masters, Filipinos of course. They are displayed at a gallery dedicated to Rizal at the National Arts Gallery of the National Museum.
Within the enclave of UP Diliman’s historic Palma Hall are two sculptures of Rizal.
I hope to add more Rizal sculptures here. In my future post are Andres Bonifacio depictions.